Jewellery may be made from a wide range of materials. Gemstones and similar materials such as amber and coral, precious metals, beads, and shells have been widely used, and enamel has often been important. In most cultures, jewellery can be understood as a status symbol, for its material properties, its patterns, or for meaningful symbols.
Jewellery has been made to adorn nearly every body part, from hairpins to toe rings, and even genital jewellery. The patterns of wearing jewellery between the sexes, and by children and older people can vary greatly between cultures, but adult women have been the most consistent wearers of jewellery.
In modern European culture, the amount worn by adult males is relatively low compared with other cultures and other periods in European culture.
The word jewellery itself is derived from the word jewel, which was anglicised from the Old French "jouel", and beyond that, to the Latin word "jocale", meaning plaything. In British English, Indian English, New Zealand English, Hiberno-English, Australian English, and South African English it is spelled jewellery, while the spelling is jewelry in American English. Both are used in Canadian English, though jewelry prevails by a two to one margin. In French and a few other European languages the equivalent term, joaillerie, may also cover decorated metalwork in a precious metal such as objets d'art and church items, not just objects worn on the person.
Jewellery in the Pacific, with the exception of Australia, is worn to be a symbol of either fertility or power. Elaborate headdresses are worn by many Pacific cultures and some, such as the inhabitants of Papua New Guinea, wear certain headdresses once they have killed an enemy. Tribesman may wear boar bones through their noses.
Island jewellery is still very much primal because of the lack of communication with outside cultures. Some areas of Borneo and Papua New Guinea are yet to be explored by Western nations. However, the island nations that were flooded with Western missionaries have had drastic changes made to their jewellery designs. Missionaries saw any type of tribal jewellery as a sign of the wearer's devotion to paganism. Thus many tribal designs were lost forever in the mass conversion to Christianity.
A modern opal bracelet.
Australia is now the number one supplier of opals in the world. Opals had already been mined in Europe and South America for many years prior, but in the late 19th century, the Australian opal market became predominant. Australian opals are only mined in a few select places around the country, making it one of the most profitable stones in the Pacific.
And here's the list of the Top 6 Jewellers in Australia
Holly Ryan is one of the best jewellers in AU. They design jewellery that is meant to be worn every day. Being named after the founder, Holly Ryan is dedicated to craftsmanship and they were found in 2011. Every piece of jewellery that is present or showcased in their boutique is handicraft. Holly makes sure that every piece she creates is unique. She uses the traditional hand construction of every individual piece and finishes each piece by hand. When you buy your jewellery from Holly Ryan, you will know that you are buying jewellery that has been made with love and passion.
By Charlotte Jewellery is one of the best jewellers in AU. The Boutique is named after the owner; Charlotte. They were founded in 2012 quickly amassed a cult following due to their spirited jewellery. Every piece of jewellery holds a deeper meaning of spirituality and enlightenment, with the aim of empowering the wearer with mantras of enlightenment, harmony and love. Their Bohemian inspired jewellery is how they represent the peace and harmony of nature.
The name of their boutique is derived from the word relic and a Spanish term for a family heirloom. Their collection was debuted for spring in 2015. The pieces of their jewellery are like a time machine that would take you back to the time when you used to borrow your grandmother’s jewellery from her jewellery box and then refuse to take it off. Reliquia aims to create jewellery that develops emotional relevance.
Pandora was founded in 1982 and is one of the biggest brands that deal in jewellery. They are experts in designing hand finished and contemporary jewellery which is made and designed from high-quality materials at affordable prices. They sell their jewellery to more than 100 countries. They design their jewellery in order to inspire every woman to feel creative and free and have the power of self-express.
Baby anything jewellery is made of precious metal and stones that are designed and hand made by Lucie Ferguson in Sydney, Australia. Her designs are versatile and every piece has a unique sense of quality about it. Her aim is to create jewellery that places heavy emphasis on the power of jewellery that creates meaning and history in every individual’s life. She designs her jewellery in a fashion and with the aim that her jewellery would become her customer’s heirloom.
Armans fine jewellery
Armans fine jewellery was first established in 1987 by Arman, the owner of the brand. His business, even today is highly regarded by his peers in the industry. His designs are inspired by art, history and the natural world. He is reputed in the world as a highly skilled setter. His work with stones is unparalleled. If you are looking to create a diamond ring, an engagement ring or a jewellery piece that would be passed on for generations then Armans fine jewellery is the perfect place for you.